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AD FS Web Application Proxy Re-Establish Proxy Trust

In the Tailspintoys environment the AD FS Proxy was offline for month.  It was unable to contact the AD FS server on the internal network, and this allowed the short lived authentication certificate to expire.  At this point the AD FS Proxy was “dead to me” as far as the AD FS server was concerned.  The internal AD FS server was OK, the issue was just with the proxy.

Bummer….

How do we fix this?  Actually before we dive into that, lets see what was going on first.  Please note that this post is for AD FS 2012 R2 onwards.  It does not aim to cover AD FS 2.0 or 2.1 at all.

This is an updated post from the original one back in April 2015.  The original will remain as it is still relevant, and some folks may have linked or bookmarked it.

Starting Point – What The AD FS Proxy Saw In WAP Remote Management Console

On the WAP server, the Remote Access Management Console was not happy.   It was reporting error code 0x8007520C.

AD FS Proxy - Error 0x8007520C

On the WAP server, EventID 244 was logged into the AD FS/Admin EventLog stating that it was unable to retrieve proxy configuration data from the Federation Service.  The details in the event stated: System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (401) Unauthorized.  This was EventID 422 as noted in the previous post.

AD FS EventID 224 - AD FS Proxy Unable To Retrieve Its Configuration Data from The Federation Service

There will also be errors present in the Microsoft-Windows-Web Application Proxy/Admin EventLog.

Starting Point – What AD FS Saw

On AD FS we can see what it really though about the AD FS proxy.

Since the federation server proxy could not renew its trust with the Federation Service, the recommended user action was:  To ensure that the federation server proxy is trusted by the Federation Service. If the trust does not exist or has been revoked, establish a trust between the proxy and the Federation Service using the Federation Service Proxy Configuration Wizard by logging on to the proxy computer.   This is detailed in EventID 276, which is again logged on the AD FS server.

The proxy trust certificate specified by thumpbrint has expired.  Note that you can also see the calling IP listed at the bottom of the event message.

AD FS The federation server proxy was not able to authenticate to the Federation Service

OK – so we need to re-establish the trust between the AD FS proxy and AD FS server.  How do we go about doing that?

Re-Establish AD FS Proxy Trust Using Remote Access Management Console

Interestingly enough there is no option presented initially in the GUI to re-configure the AD FS proxy.

WAP Remote Access Management Console Does Not Show Configuration Wizard

Currently it knows that the wizard was previously executed, and this fact is stored in the registry.  As Georg discussed at MEC to allow the Remote Access GUI to re-run the wizard again, we need to edit the registry.  The registry value that we need to change is:

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\ADFS\ProxyConfigurationStatus

We need to set the ProxyConfigurationStatus REG_DWORD to a value of 1 (meaning “not configured”) instead of 2 (“configured”). Once that change is made, re-open the GUI.  No reboot is required.

WAP Registry Configuration Status

After changing the ProxyConfigurationStatus to a value of 1, the Remote Access Manager should now allow you to re-run the configuration wizard.

WAP Remote Access Management Console Now Shows Configuration Wizard

For full details on this process, please see this post.  As a brief recap, we need to ensure that the federation service name is the AD FS endpoint that we defined when initially building the environment.

Re-Running WAP Remote Access Configuration Wizard

Since there may have been certificate replacement/renewal since the initial server was deployed, be careful to select the correct certificate:

Re-Running WAP Remote Access Configuration Wizard - Ensure Correct Certificate Is Selected

The summary screen indicates the PowerShell code that will be executed.  This is also captured later in the post for reference.

Re-Running WAP Remote Access Configuration Wizard - Summary

And when complete, the trust is now re-established.

Now restart the AD FS service on the Proxy server, and check the AD FS event logs to ensure that they are all green ticky ticky!

Alternatively, this can be done from PowerShell, this is shown below.  Typically this is what I normally use as it is faster, and does not require the registry modification.

Re-Establish AD FS Proxy Trust Using PowerShell

EventID 276 shown above, notes that we can run the Install-WebApplicationProxy cmdlet to re-establish trust between the AD FS server and the WAP.  Docs discusses this in the Install and Configure the Web Application Proxy Server section.  The certificate we want to use is already installed onto the server.  In my case it has the thumbprint of D6CF1C7737A207413B5DE6377A34720FB6618777– note that yours *WILL* be different.  To obtain your certificate thumbprint you can look at the certificate MMC or alternatively run:

 Get-WebApplicationProxySslCertificate

 

Using Get-WebApplicationProxySSLCertificate To Show Current Certificate Thumbprint

 

In this lab, the command executed was:

 Install-WebApplicationProxy –CertificateThumbprint D6CF1C7737A207413B5DE6377A34720FB6618777 -FederationServiceName adfs.tailspintoys.ca

 

Note that the username and password were not specified, since the cmdlet knows it needs an account that has permission on the AD FS server and it prompts for this required information.  This is the Tailspintoys administrator account as shown below:

Using Install-WebApplicationProxy Cmdlet To Re-Establish Trust Wth AD FS Server

After providing the credentials, the cmdlet does it’s thang:

Install-WebApplicationProxy Cmdlet Is Doing Its Magic

Finally finishing up with a Deployment Succeeded message.

Install-WebApplicationProxy Cmdlet -- Deployment Succeeded

Checking For Success

After the restarting the AD FS service on the proxy, success messages were then logged on both the AD FS server and the proxy.

On the AD FS proxy EventID 245 noted that the proxy was able to successfully retrieve its configuration:

AD FS Proxy - Now Able To Successfully Retrieve Configuration From AD FS Server

And on the AD FS server EventID 396 was logged stating that the trust between the proxy and AD FS server was renewed.

AD FS - The Trust between The Federation Server Proxy And The Federation Service Was renewed Successfully

Clients were now able to successfully authenticate through the AD FS proxy from the Internet.

Good job.  Time to go home for tea and medals!

Cheers,

Rhoderick

Rhoderick Milne [MSFT]

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